ASTM D2863 Oxygen Index
Standard: ASTM D2863 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Minimum Oxygen Concentration to Support Candle-Like Combustion of Plastics (Oxygen Index)
Scope: This standard measures the minimum concentration of oxygen, expressed as percent volume, that will just support flaming combustion in a flowing mixture of oxygen and nitrogen.
Products: Solid, laminated, or cellular materials that are structurally self-supporting are tested in the form of vertical bars or sheets up to 10.5-mm thick. Flexible sheet or film materials may also be tested.
Procedure: Per ASTM D2863, a small test specimen is supported vertically in a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen flowing upwards through a transparent chimney. The upper end of the specimen is ignited, and the subsequent burning behavior of the specimen is observed to compare the period for which burning continues, or the length of specimen burnt, with specified limits for each burning. By testing a series of specimens in different oxygen concentrations, the minimum oxygen concentration is determined.
Result: Results provide the minimum concentration of oxygen in a flowing mixture of oxygen and nitrogen that will just support flaming combustion of plastics. Correlation with burning characteristics under actual use conditions is not implied.